How learning tools are classified.

How learning tools are classified.


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    Such a scheme and definition allow us to fairly objectively classify the means, depending on which of the channels in the scheme of information circulation is improved by
    technical means:

    – technical means of presenting information (TSPI),
    providing a direct transmission channel;
    – technical means of control, providing a channel of
    feedback channel;
    – technical means of learning management such as providing the whole 1 closed control cycle. The latter can be closed “via the teacher” (e.g. when working
    the teacher (e.g. supervised activity in an automated classroom) or via
    a technical device (computer) when the teacher is “in the frame”.
    remains behind the “frame”.
    Auxiliary technical means. These include
    instruments, tools, and devices used to
    to improve the educational work of a teacher and a student.
    Students, but cannot be attributed to any of the above classes (e.g. calculators).
    It is convenient to divide technical means of presenting information into two groups.
    technical means of presenting information can be conveniently divided into two groups. Under the conditions of usual (not special) training, the following groups are distinguished:

    – auditory (audio) means;
    – visual (visual) means;
    – audiovisual (visual-audio) means.
    The last group of means is independent. It is not
    It is not a simple amalgamation of the first two, because audiovisual
    Media have certain properties that are not inherent to auditory or visual
    The best memorization is achieved at the same time.
    The best memorization is achieved with the joint and simultaneous use of the auditory and visual channels.
    Audio devices. These are primarily microphones with electronic amplifiers and dynamic talkers, pre137

    assigned to amplify the teacher’s speech, for example on a tour in the shop floor of a noisy factory. Sometimes radio microphones are used for this purpose
    Radio microphones that allow the teacher to move about freely in space are sometimes used for this purpose. This also includes tape recorders for recording and playing back speech and music, players, including laser players, for playing back
    discs. Visual media.

    The most widespread are overhead projectors and overhead projectors. With the help of slide projectors images from photographic materials – slides (transparencies), as well as films, are reproduced on screens (reflective or translucent). Graph projectors (codoscopes) are the most popular projection devices. They have important advantages from the didactic standpoint: they are compact, easy to
    They have important advantages from the didactic point of view: they are compact and easy to use.

    Why the teacher’s explanation of the material should be seen as a very important, yet the initial stage of the lear
    Methods of independent work of students on comprehension and assimilation of new material.
    How to properly repeat previously learned material.
    Why are written exercises used to reinforce knowledge
    Classes with learning machines, with simulator machines, and tutors.

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